Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Jordan

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Jordan relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Jordan must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Jordan and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Jordan, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.


Transjordan was under Ottoman rule until World War I, then became a state under the British mandate for Palestine in 1922. On 25 May 1946 Transjordan became an independent state, renamed Jordan on 26 April 1949.

Jordan has been a member of the Berne Convention since 28 July 1999, the World Trade Organization since 11 April 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 27 April 2004.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 22 of 1992 on Copyright and its Amendments up to 2005 as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Jordan.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] These laws were further amended by Law No. 23 of 2014.[3]


Jordan's copyright law covers original works of literature, art, and science, including works of art expressed in writing, sound, drawing, photography, motion pictures, books, speeches, plays, musical compositions, films, applied art, three-dimensional works, and computer software.[22/2005 Article 3]

General rules

Under the Copyright Protection Law 22 of 1992, as amended up to 2005,

  • An author's work is protected for 50 years after their year of death, with protection expiring on 1 January the next year.[22/2005 Article 30]
  • Protection for 50 years after the year of publication, expiring on 1 January the next year, applies to cinematic and TV works, any works whose author is a corporate person, work first published after the death of the author and anonymous or pseudonymous works for which the author does not reveal their identity during the protection period.[22/2005 Article 31]
  • Applied arts applications are protected for 25 years after completion, with protection expiring on 1 January the next year.[22/2005 Article 32] The meaning of the term "applied arts" is not spelled out, but is distinct from painting, photography, sculpting, architecture and lithographical works.[22/2005 Article 3]
  • When a work is created by several people and their individual contributions cannot be separated they are all considered owners unless agreed otherwise.[22/2005 Article 35.a]
  • A collective work is defined as one where a group participated in its creation under the direction of a natural or corporate person who set the general goal of the work and published it under his name, and the work of each of the participants cannot be separated and distinguished apart. The person who directed creation is considered to be author and has exclusive copyright.[22/2005 Article 35.c]


  • A photograph may not be published without consent of the person it represents unless it was taken at a public event or concerns a person of public fame.[22/2005 Article 26]
  • In the past, photographs and applied arts were only protected for 25 years.[4]
  • Article 32 of Copyright Law No. 22 of 1992 was amended by Law No. 29 of 1999 to provide for a 25-year term of protection for photographs starting January 1st of year of completion (and not starting from the next calendar year as is the case in many countries). The term of protection for a photograph completed in December 1974 was thus calculated starting from 1 January 1974, and expired on 1 January 1999.
  • Although this provision was later repealed by Law No. 78 of 2003, the repeal did not renew the copyright of photographs which had already fallen into the public domain, because Article 7 of the 1992 law explicitly disallows such retroactive protection of out-of-copyright works. Therefore a Jordanian photograph or work of applied Art that was created on or before 31 December 1974 is in the public domain in Jordan.
  • In order to be hosted on Commons, all works must be in the public domain in the United States as well as in their source country. The copyright of all pre-1975 Jordanian photographs had expired in Jordan on the U.S. date of restoration (July 28, 1999). Such photographs are thus currently in the public domain in the United States.

Not protected


See also: Commons:Unprotected works

Under the Copyright Protection Law 22 of 1992, as amended up to 2005, there is no copyright protection for laws, regulations, judicial decisions, administrative committee decisions, international agreements and other official documents and translations of these works; news published, broadcast or delivered publicly; and works that have become public property. National folklore is considered public property.[22/2005 Article 7]

Copyright tags

See also: Commons:Copyright tags


See also: Commons:Currency

OOjs UI icon check-constructive.svg OK. Jordanian currency is copyrighted by the Central Bank of Jordan, and its use is permitted under certain limitations:

  1. The size of the copied banknote should not be the same size as the actual banknote.
  2. If the copied banknote is smaller than the actual banknote then it should not exceed two-thirds of the original banknote size.
  3. If the copied banknote is bigger, it should not be less than one and a half times the size of the original banknote.
  4. Copying of banknotes should be one-sided only (i.e. nothing should appear on the reverse of a copy which might give the impression that the copied banknote is a genuine one).
  5. Copied banknotes and coins should not appear in an offensive context, for example in conjunction with imagery or text of a violent or pornographic nature.

Please use {{Money-JO}} for images of Jordanian currency.

Freedom of panorama

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

OOjs UI icon close-ltr-destructive.svg Not OK. Copying is only allowed for private personal, and educational use.

Articles "(17): Use of Published Works" and "(20): Copy of Work without Author’s Consent" of The Copyright Law, No. (22) of 1992 of Jordan do not explicitly mention works of architecture, but they are defined in Article (3) as "Works Enjoying Copyright Protection." Protection also includes the title of the work, unless it's generic and is used to describe the subject of the work.


See also: Commons:When to use the PD-signature tag

OOjs UI icon check-constructive.svg OK for a typical signature, based on Article 3 of Jordanian copyright law, which specifies what is eligible to be copyrighted.

See also


  1. a b Jordan Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 22 of 1992 on Copyright and its Amendments up to 2005. Jordan (2005). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 23 of 2014 Amending Copyright Protection Law (in Arabic). Jordan (2014). Retrieved on 2018-11-10.
  4. Mohammad Issa Mehawesh (February 2014). Translation, Copyright, and Copyright Laws in Jordan 129-136. David Publishing. Retrieved on 2018-10-23.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer