Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Cameroon
Copyright rules: Cameroon
|Standard||Life + 50 years|
|Anonymous||Publish + 50 years|
|Audiovisual||Create/publish + 50 years|
|Collective||Create/publish + 50 years|
|Applied art||Create/publish + 50 years|
|Freedom of panorama||No|
|Terms run to year end||Yes|
|ISO 3166-1 alpha-3||CMR|
|Berne convention||31 December 1959|
|Bangui Agreement||8 February 1982|
|WTO member||13 December 1995|
|URAA restoration date*||1 January 1996|
|*A work is usually protected in the US if it is a type of work copyrightable in the US, published after 1926 and protected in the country of origin on the URAA date.|
This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Cameroon relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Cameroon must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Cameroon and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Cameroon, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.
Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. After World War I, the territory was divided between France and the United Kingdom. In 1960, the French-administered part became independent as the Republic of Cameroun. The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Cameroon has been a member of the Berne Convention since 31 December 1959, the Bangui Agreement since 8 February 1982 and the World Trade Organization since 13 December 1995.[a] As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 2000/011 of December 19, 2000, on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Cameroon. WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.
According to Cameroon's Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights of 2000,
- For individual or joint works, copyright lasts for 50 years after the death of the author or last surviving author.[2000/011 Section 37(1)]
- For collective, audiovisual and applied art works, copyright lasts for 50 years after creation or publication, whichever is latest.[2000/011 Section 37(2)]
- For anonymous and pseudonymous works, copyright lasts for 50 years after creation or publication, whichever is latest.[2000/011 Section 37(3)]
- For posthumous works, copyright lasts 50 years from publication.[2000/011 Section 37(4)]
All durations last to the end of the last calendar year when they are in force.
See also: Commons:Unprotected works
Laws, court judgments and other official instruments, as well as their official translations, coats of arms, decorations, currency marks and other official insignia are not protected by copyright.[2000/011 Section 3(4)]
Public domain and folklore: not free
See also: Commons:Paying public domain
Upon expiry of the protection time limits referred to in Section 37, the exclusive right shall become public property. The exploitation of public works shall be subject to the respect of moral rights, to a prior declaration addressed to the Minister in charge of culture, and to the payment of royalty whose proceeds shall be kept in a cultural policy support account provided for in Section 5. The rate of the royalty shall be fixed by regulations.[2000/011 Section 39]
“Folklore” shall mean all productions involving aspects characteristic of traditional cultural heritage, produced and perpetuated by a community or by individuals who clearly reflect the expectations of such community, comprising particularly folk tales, folk dances and shows, as well as artistic expressions, rituals and productions of popular art.[2000/011 Section 2] Folklore shall belong originally to the national cultural heritage. Its representation, direct or indirect fixation for profit-making purposes shall be subject to prior authorization from the service in charge of culture, in return for payment of royalty whose amount shall be fixed by statutory instrument. The amount received shall be deposited in a cultural policy support fund.[2000/011 Section 5]
Freedom of panorama
See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama
Not OK, only non-commercial use is allowed.
Under Cameroon's Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights, enacted in 2000, there is freedom of panorama for artwork and architecture permanently located in a public place, but only for non-commercial uses:
- Works of art, including works of architecture, permanently kept in a public place, may be reproduced and made available to the public through photographic and audiovisual means.[2000/011 Section 32(1)]
- Any exploitation for profit of these reproductions without the prior authorization of the author of the works referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be unlawful.[2000/011 Section 32(2)]
- WIPO notes that the Berne Convention entered into force in Cameroon on 31 December 1959. WIPO does not hold the text of the relevant notification. However, WIPO lists Cameroon among the signatory countries as of 13 January 1968.
- Cameroon Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
- Notifications > Berne Convention (Total Contracting Parties : 178) > Cameroon. WIPO. Retrieved on 2020-03-26.
- Berne Notification No. 2 ... Signatory Countries. WIPO. Retrieved on 2020-03-26.
- Law No. 2000/011 of December 19, 2000, on Copyright and Neighbouring Rights. Cameroon (2000). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.